Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies Woods Institute for the Environment Center on Food Security and the Environment Stanford University

Photo Credit: REUTERS/David W Cerny

Aquaculture: Risks, Trends, and Sustainable Options

Rethinking aquaculture production with an integrated mind-set is needed to tackle the simultaneous challenges of feed and energy demands, containment of wastes, pathogens, and escaped fish, land and water requirements, and consumer preferences - FSE aquaculture researcher Dane Klinger 

Ocean resources are in jeopardy given the current scope of fish capture and other human activities. Aquaculture now accounts for 50 percent of the fish consumed globally and that share is expected to grow in the coming decades. Many capture fisheries are in decline, and marine finfish aquaculture-often considered to be the solution to problems of over-fishing and other human stresses on the ocean environment-poses additional risks to wild fish stocks.

Researchers at FSE are studying options for farming finfish sustainably in coastal ecosystems and the open ocean, and examining potential feed alternatives to fish meal and fish oil for the aquaculture sector, especially for dominant producers such as China.



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